Wednesday, January 09, 2008

STOGROUPs and SMS [DB2 9 for z/OS]

With today’s posting we return to our examination of the new features of DB2 9 for z/OS. With V9, DB2 storage groups can be better integrated with SMS storage classes.

Prior to DB2 9, you could only spcify SMS storage classes, data classes, and management classes when using explicit IDCAMS defines. You could use those SMS specifications with your SMS ACS routings, but ACS routines filter on data set names, so those routines could become large and unwieldy if you defined multiple different combinations for different data sets.

The improvement in DB2 9 modifies the CREATE and ALTER STOGROUP statements to utilize SMS classes. This can greatly improve ease-of-use by minimizing the manual effort involved in managing DB2 data sets using DFSMS.

There are three new keywords in the CREATE STOGROUP syntax. You can specify just one, two or even all three of them on one CREATE STOGROUP statement:

  • DATACLAS - influences characteristics such as the data set control block (DCB), striping, extended format usage, extended addressability usage and so on.
  • MGMTCLAS – defines data set frequency of volume backups, migration requirement and related tasks.
  • STORCLAS - define guaranteed spaced and other requirements.

DB2 will not check to verify that the data class, management class, or storage class specified actually exist. In that regard, the parameters are designed to work the same way that the VCAT and VOLUMES parameters have always worked. When the STOGROUP is used to allocate a data set, the specified classes are passed to DFSMS, which does the actual work.

The intent of this posting is not to act as an SMS tutorial. If you wish to investigate the details of SMS in more depth, consult the IBM manual titled -- z/OS DFSMS Implementing System-Managed Storage, SC26-7407.

Additionally, these same parameters have been added to the ALTER STOGROUP statement. When you alter SMS class names of a DB2 STOGROUP, this does not affect the existing data sets. However, if you run the REORG, RECOVER, or LOAD REPLACE utility, DB2 deletes the associated data set and redefines it using the new description of the storage group.

Finally, to accommodate the metadata for these new parameters, three new columns have been added to the SYSIBM.SYSSTOGROUP DB2 catalog table: DATACLAS, MGMTCLAS, and STORCLAS.

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